On the function of ethics in personal development and the need to establish extensive psychology of ethics
Ethics is a really relevant area in the research study of psychology as ethical worths on what is wrong and what is right relate straight to an individual's moral standing in society. Our ethical requirements might closely relate to our moral standards although morality is more individualistic and moral standards could vary between cultures, societies and faiths. Ethical standards are however more basic as they depend on our basic human nature and human worths and ethical worths are more human and thus more about psychological characteristics than the ethical values. Yet ethics is considered as a branch of moral philosophy
In a study of the Psychology of Ethics it is very important to compare ethics and morality and a Psychology of Ethics would be more about worths of being human whereas Moral Psychology specifically handles questions of morality. Ethical psychology or psychology of morality is thus thought about a part of the more comprehensive psychology of ethics. Ethics handle morality as well as concerns of right and wrong, moral and immoral, virtue and vice, excellent and wicked and duties of being human.Read more about this on the Kings Report.
Ethical philosophy also shows how ethical judgments and ethical statements or mindsets are formed. Ethics was studied in philosophy from the days of Socrates and Aristotle and was associated with self awareness about the requirements of the human condition. Doing the best thing at the correct time and in the right way for the best reason is thought about virtuous and ethical. Yet a psychology of ethics would include more than just comprehending ethical worths and appreciation of the human condition. The psychology of ethics is about our standard beliefs and attitudes and the formation of these beliefs as also how our value systems are formed in youth through ethical advancement. Psychoanalysis and social and developmental psychology could use a range of theories to explain ethical advancement in kids and adults.
Freud has utilized the principles of Id, Ego and Superego to suggest that the superego works as a moral filter and assists people to choose what is right and what is wrong. The id, ego and superego are described as the three parts of the psychic device with the id being the impulses and base desires, the ego is the practical part that stabilizes the desires and the superego is that which monitors and controls and the part that has a strict ethical dimension. The superego is therefore the part of the mind that deals ethical values and activates us towards ethical justification. This implies we seek an ethical explanation of habits or tend to consciously or unconsciously behave in a particular way because of the underlying ethical requirements.
Apart from psychoanalysis that would describe ethics mainly as a system controlled and directed by the Superego so that all dark unethical desires are somehow filtered, ethical development is also explained with social and ethical psychology.
In social psychology coming from a group would imply following basic standards of conformity and conformity identifies the extent to which social habits would remain in accordance with what the society accepts or thinks about as standard. Requirement habits would in fact be carefully related to ethical habits therefore within the context of social psychology, ethics has to do with conformity and doing what is right according to social standards or values. If we consider developmental psychology, specific needs are met through social conformity as following ethical standards and participating in ethical behavior would be continually fulfilling to an individual and would motivate or reinforce ethical standards. Ethics satisfies our social and recognition requirements and our moral needs of managing our desires. So psychoanalysis would think about ethics as the ethical element of our psychic structure and according to social psychology theories ethics is vital to group habits and conformity as ethics according to social theories is a crucial social developmental process in our interaction. Some of the questions that would be main to the psychology of ethics are the stages connected to the advancement of ethics. This would resemble moral advancement although ethical values and beliefs would stand out and unlike general morality can be formed even at aging.
The small difference in between ethics and morality apart from the reality that ethics is a part of more comprehensive moral psychology is that ethics could be adjustable or related to attitudes that might alter with time. For instance euthanasia is an ethical choice and medical professionals or nurses who deal with such a circumstance in their occupation depends upon their ethical position and this could be impacted by what they have actually found out in their profession, their years of experience and their personal upbringing or worth systems.
Sometimes, situations might identify ethical options as likewise social systems and people and their thoughts are influenced by others in ethical development supplying the social theory of ethics. However specific theories such as cognitive harshness theory might explain ethics as a modification of behavior or attitudes through discomfort with a particular view of things. If specific actions are basically incongruent with mindsets held then the individuals will either have to alter their actions or their attitudes and thus individual ethics would likewise alter. Evolutionary psychology likewise discusses our ethical and ethical development as when we are constantly rewarded by society for certain behavior, we would naturally consider these as favorable and this would then be socially appropriate and ethical. Behaviors rewarded in time are lastly viewed as ethical and ideal.
The psychology of ethics will need to incorporate theories from psychoanalysis, evolutionary psychology and social and developmental psychology to provide a comprehensive understanding of moral advancement and modifications in the advancement of ethics. Ethics would be impacted by the unchangeable element of standard values that we hold and the changeable component of experience as ethics are values shaped and even altered by experience.
The stages of ethical advancement will have the general structure of social and ethical advancement as individuals go through regret in youth (of mischief and so on) through group conformity and discovers what is right and what is wrong. This is developed even more in adolescence which is marked by identity crisis (as recommended by psychologists including Erikson) and ethics is formed in young their adult years as part of this identity debt consolidation. When a 20 year old man says to himself 'I believe cheating is wrong' he is recommending that his sense of ethics is linked to his sense of identity. Finally in middle and late the adult years experiential changes might cause alter of ethics and the last of reflection and examination in which there is examination and the need to safeguard one's own ethical beliefs and attitudes. The stages of ethical advancement could be therefore given as guilt-group conformity-identity crisis- identity consolidation-experiential change-evaluation or defense.
Psychoanalysis and the role of superego could recommend why ethics are formed in human beings and the basic interaction in between the psychic structure and the formation of ethics. Evolutionary psychology shows the interaction of the biological structure or human body systems and ethics formation and suggest how ethics are formed over many years of development and social psychology reveals the general interplay of social structures and formation of ethics or value systems and highlights the basis of ethics in society informing us what ethics are formed according to the needs of society. Michel Foucault's History of Sexuality with an emphasis on social systems might also offer insights on the research study of the development of attitudes, values and ethics.
In addition to the social, developmental, psychoanalytic and evolutionary measurements of ethics, it is essential to define the kinds of ethical choices for instance ethics from a legal viewpoint, ethics from a moral point of view, ethics from an educational perspective, ethics from medical perspective and so on. Organization ethics, legal ethics, medical ethics and all branches of ethics will need to think about the psychological phases of ethical development with social, psychoanalytic, evolutionary theories.